Wednesday, July 2, 2014

The Top 10 Windows 8 Questions Everyone Asks

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You’ve finally made the leap to Windows 8 (or, more probably, Windows 8.1), and a pretty big leap it was. Everything looks different. Everything acts differently. Even a simple task like shutting down your PC suddenly becomes a challenge.

We know. We've lived through Windows 8, too, and we've received many, many questions about it. Here are the 10 most common ones we hear about Microsoft’s latest operating system. With these answers under your belt, you can consider yourself well past the beginner stage.

1. What's the differences between Windows 8, Windows 8.1, and the Windows 8.1 Update?

To start the confusion, there are three versions of Windows 8:
· The original Windows 8
· The much-improved Windows 8.1
· The even-better Windows 8.1 Update, though saddled with an idiotic name

windows 8 top10 questions start button and none
The Start button is one subtle, but key, difference between Windows 8 and Windows 8.1

How do you tell which you have? Go to the Desktop environment and look in the lower-left corner. If there’s no Start button, you’ve got the original Windows 8.
If there's a Start button, click or tap it to go to the Start screen. Look in the upper-right corner. If there's a magnifying-glass icon, you have Windows 8.1 Update.
If you have the Start button, but not the magnifying glass, you have Windows 8.1, without the Update. In that case, you need update KB2919355. Microsoft is patching Windows 8 and the Windows 8.1 Update, but not Windows 8.1 without the Update. Without patches, Windows becomes less secure.

 The magnifying-glass icon means you have Windows 8.1 Update.

Besides, the Windows 8.1 Update is by far the easiest and friendliest version of Windows 8 so far. Finally, the two user interfaces—Modern and Desktop—appear to be cooperating.
The good news: If you have a new computer, it’s almost certainly running Windows 8.1 with the Update.

2. What about the Start menu?


windows 8 top10 questions start menu classic start menu setup
Classic Shell brings back the Start menu that Windows 8 took away.

From the very birth of Windows 8, this was the biggest complaint: “Where’s the Start menu?” 
Even with the improvements of 8.1 and the 8.1 Update, which brought back the Start button, there’s still no Start menu.

windows 8 top10 questions start menu separate programs and apps
There you go, a Windows Start menu, courtesy of Classic Shell.

One could argue that the Start screen—which is what you get when you click the 8.1 Start button—can do everything that the Start menu can. Except that it can’t. You can’t hover the mouse over a Modern tile and get a submenu of files recently opened in that application. And the Start screen just doesn’t feel right. When you’re working in a windowing environment like the Desktop, you don’t want to be thrown into a bad-imitation iPad just to launch a program.

Luckily, where Microsoft fails, others provide. You can find plenty of third-party Start menus for Windows 8, and many of them are free.

My favorite, Classic Shell, is one of the free ones. It’s capable of giving you, with no trouble at all, a close facsimile to the Windows 7 Start menu. But you can change that look with additional skins, add separate Programs and Apps menus in place of the traditional All Programs, and pick an image for the Start button. You can also control what happens when you left-click and shift-click the Start button.

3. What’s that screen with all the little tiles?

You may have stumbled upon it accidentally. You’re at the Start screen, you do something (you’re not sure what), and suddenly you have a screen filled with tiny tiles instead of big tiles.
That’s the Apps screen, which Microsoft added with Windows 8.1. It lists every program and app installed on your PC. Think of it as the equivalent of the Windows 7 Start Menu’s All Programs submenu. Or Android’s All Apps screen.

windows 8 top10 questions  apps screen
This is the Windows 8 Apps screen. It looks busy, but it's actually easy to sort.

You get to it through the Start screen. If you’re using a touchscreen, swipe up. If you’re using a mouse, move that mouse, and a little arrow icon will appear near the lower left corner of the screen. Click it.
Unlike Windows 7’s All Programs, you can sort this list. The default is to sort by name, but you can also sort by date installed, most used (which makes it a bit like the Windows 7 Start menu’s left pane), and category. Note, however, that it lacks All Program’s ability to use submenus.
One other important point: If you sort by name or category, it lists apps first, and traditional desktop programs after them.

4. How do I do some of the simple tasks that should be obvious to anyone?

The Windows 8 learning curve isn’t just about the big stuff. Here are three minor issues that vex new users.

Right-click in a touch interface

Your index finger lacks left and right buttons, and the touchscreen doesn’t know one finger from another.
To bring up a context menu on a touchscreen, touch the object and keep your finger there until a square appears around the object. Then release, and the menu will pop up.

windows 8 top10 questions simple tasks search charm
Find anything in Windows using the Search charm.

Search

Windows 8’s equivalent to Windows 7’s “Search programs and files” field is the Search charm. There are a lot of ways to bring it up, so I’ll just give you the most convenient:
· On the desktop, press Winkey-S.
· On the home screen, just start typing.

Sleep or shut down Windows


windows 8 top10 questions  simple tasks shut down desktop
Here's the menu for shutting down Windows.

This is the one that puzzled a lot of people when Windows 8 first came out.
On the Home screen, swipe from the right edge inward, or move the mouse pointer to the right-top or right-bottom corner and then off the right edge of the screen. Select Settings>Power, and make the appropriate choice.
On the desktop, right-click or touch-and-hold the Start button. From the resulting menu, select Shut down or sign out and the appropriate option. This trick requires Windows 8.1.

5. What’s happened to Windows Explorer?

Windows’ built-in file manager got a facelift and a new name, and both are an improvement (I thought so even when I hated Windows 8).

windows 8 top10 questions windows explorer file explorer minimize ribbon
File Explorer has tabbed ribbons you can hide.

Windows Explorer is now called File Explorer. While I usually don’t approve of renaming common features in a popular OS, I’ll make an exception here: It actually describes what the program does.
It also now sports Office-like tabbed ribbons, which you can show and hide by clicking the little chevron icon just below the top-right corner. The main ribbons are self-explanatory: Home, Share, View, and Search.

windows 8 top10 questions windows explorer file explorer picture library
In the new File Explorer, the Pictures Library has new tabs and ribbons available.

Other ribbons pop up when appropriate. For instance, go to the Pictures library, and you’ll see additional Library and Picture tabs. You’ll also see the Pictures tab when you’ve selected a picture.

windows 8 top10 questions windows explorer copy two files
You can monitor two files as they copy.

You can configure the interface. Right-click any option on any ribbon and select Add to Quick Access Toolbar. That toolbar is always available, even when you’ve hidden the ribbon.
One more nice touch: Copy a big file to another drive. The familiar dialog box comes up to show you the progress. While it’s still going, start copying another big file. The existing dialog box will expand and show you progress on both files.

6. Where are my libraries?

Now that you’ve found File Explorer, you might notice something is missing. The left pane lists Favorites, This PC (the location formerly known as My Computer), and Network. But it apparently doesn’t have Libraries.
Libraries—configurable pointers to Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos—help you organize your data files. They’re one of the best features added with Windows 7.


windows 8 top10 questions where are my libraries
The libraries aren't gone! You can dig them out.

For instance, the Documents library by default contains both the My Documents and Shared Documents folder, and you can add or remove other folders as you wish. The folders aren’t actually in the library, but they appear to be.
The good news: Microsoft didn’t remove libraries; it just hid them. But why?
Probably because the company doesn’t really want you to store data locally. Microsoft would rather you stored everything in its cloud-based service, OneDrive, and pay for that privilege.
If that doesn’t sound like a good plan to you, restore those libraries. In File Explorer, go to the View tab and select Navigation pane>Show libraries.

7. What’s with the Task Manager?

Big improvements. That’s what’s with the Task Manager. Like File Explorer, it’s one of the few things about Windows 8 that Microsoft got right from the start.

windows 8 top10 questions task manager processes
The Task Manager shows computer processes in an easier-to-read format.

You launch it the same way as before: right-click the taskbar and select Task Manager. But when it opens, it looks rather minimalist. All you get is a list of running programs and apps, an End task button, and a More details option.
Click More details.
Now you’ve got most of the information you had in earlier versions, except that it’s well-spaced, clearer, and easier to read. If you explore the various tabs, you’ll find all the information from the Windows 7 version, plus more. For instance, the User column is now on the Details one.
One very useful new tab is Startup, which replaces the Startup tab that used to reside in MSCONFIG. This is the place to go to trim down the list of programs that load automatically when you boot. 

windows 8 top10 questions task manager startup
The Task Manager is less cluttered and offers more information than before.

This version is far easier to read than the old MSCONFIG tab. And it gives more information, including Startup impact—how much each autoloading program slows down the boot.
On the other hand, it lacks checkboxes. To disable an autoloader, right-click Enabled and select Disable. That right-click, by the way, also offers useful options like Open file location and Search online.

8. Where do I find my product ID number?

Every legally-sold copy of Windows comes with a unique, 25-character code that acts as a proof of purchase. If you buy a copy of Windows, the code is printed inside the packaging. If you bought a PC with Windows pre-installed, it’s printed on a label on the computer.
Unless your computer came with Windows 8. With the new OS, Microsoft eliminated the requirement that pre-installed PCs come with their Product ID (PID) numbers visible on the case.


windows 8 top10 questions where is my product key
ProduKey makes it easier to find your Product ID for Windows.

In theory, you don’t need them anymore. A unique, Microsoft-approved PID is built into your computer’s hardware. If you have to reinstall Windows, the installation routine should not ask for your PID; it already has it.
Nevertheless, you may feel uncomfortable not having access to your PID. I know I do. And there is a solution.
NirSoft’s ProduKey will display your PID (and other ID numbers, as well). The program is free, and portable—meaning you don’t have to install it. Once the information is displayed, you can copy it to the clipboard and paste it into another program. Then you can save the file, back it up, or print it and tape the printout to the outside of your computer.

9. How do I switch users?

If you share a computer with someone else, or use separate Administrator and Regular User accounts, you know the routine of switching users.
At least you knew that routine before you took on the challenge of Windows 8. Now it’s entirely different.


windows 8 top10 questions how change accoounts
Switching users works differently in Windows 8.

Once again, Microsoft has changed the terminology. Remember your old options, either to log off or switch users? (Switching users was faster, but leaves the previous account running in the background. Logging off shuts down the previous account entirely.) Now you don’t log off, you sign out. And while you can still switch users, there’s no longer any name for that action.

You’ll find your name, and your picture if you’ve bothered to set one up, in the upper-right corner of theStart screen. Tap or click the name or the picture. To log off, tap or click Sign out. You’ll come to a logon page where you can select an account.To switch users, simply tap the appropriate user name.

10. Do I have to log on with a Microsoft account?

Just as Microsoft really, truly wants you to use OneDrive, they also want you to use a Microsoft account. After all, without one, you can’t use OneDrive.In fact, when you set up Windows 8 for first time, the preparation wizard won’t let you create a local account. You have to create one connected to Microsoft.


windows 8 top10 questions log on with microsoft account
You don't need a Microsoft account to log on; a local-account option is also available.

But you don’t have to keep it that way. Windows 8 has something called a local account, which doesn’t have to be tied with anything on Microsoft’s cloud. You can convert your current account to a local one.
Here’s how:
1. In the Search charm, type account and select Manage your account.
2. On the Accounts screen, select your account, then click Disconnect right below your name and email address.
3. Follow the wizard. You’ll have to enter your current password, then fill in a few fields, including Name and Password. You’ll have to use a new login name, but you can keep the old password.
When you’re done, you’ll see your old settings, programs, and files. But you’ll have a different logon and won’t be connected to Microsoft.

Monday, June 16, 2014

IE11 Patches Blocked Until Windows 7 Users Install KB 2929437

The situation is not as bad as it was (and is) the forced march of the users of Windows 8.1 Update 1, but as Gregg Keizer Computerworld revealed for the first time on Sunday, no patch Microsoft IE11 users to get specific, patch installed before.

Monster Black Tuesday last week patched IE, MS 14-035, appears even Windows machines using Windows Update 8.1 unless users have successfully installed Windows 8.1 Update 1, the infamous KB 2919355. SP1 on Windows 7 machines IE11 In patch this month will not appear until users have installed Windows 7 patch IE11 MS 14-018/KB 2929437.

(Note that Internet Explorer 11 will not run on Windows 8. IE11 If you and / or your review, you must upgrade to Windows 8.1 Update 1. IE11 Also note that patches are available for organizations that use Windows Server Update Services / WSUS Intune or System Center Configuration Manager - see KB 2963950 Only those of us who rely on Windows Update or Microsoft Update to get snubbed) ..
http://www.infoworld.com/sites/infoworld.com/files/media/image/internet_explorer_galaxy_hp.jpg
Microsoft has had a patch dependencies first: You will not get until you install Patch Patch B A. In many cases, the attempt to install patches automatically install Patch first BA - no luck here. If you are running Windows 7 SP 1 (or Windows Server 2008 R2) and have not installed MS 14-018/KB 2,929,437, Windows Update does not show MS 14-035/KB Rollup Patch 2957689 this month; . the same for people running Windows 8.1 Update 1 without a large package is then also - designed to fix 59 security flaws identified separately.

Here's what KB 2957689 says:

This update applies only to computers that are running Internet Explorer 11 and that do have update 2919355 (for Windows 8.1 or Windows Server 2012 R2) or update 2929437 (for Windows 7 SP1 or Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1) installed. All future security and nonsecurity updates for Internet Explorer 11 require you to have update 2919355 or update 2929437 nstalled in order to receive updates. We recommend that you install update 2919355 or update 2929437 in order to continue to receive updates.

But wait. It gets more convoluted:

For Internet Explorer 11, the security update 2957689 update is for systems with updated or installed update 2929437 2919355. Internet Explorer 11 guests have to make sure that the update 2929437 or update 2919355 is installed before the security update 2957689 can be offered to them or installed.
Note for customers of Internet Explorer 11 does not have the update 2929437 or update 2919355 installed the security update 2963950 can be installed in place of the security update 2957689. However, the security update 2963950 is available only for customers who manage updates using Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Microsoft Windows Intune or System Center Configuration Manager.

Got your scorecard handy?

This time around, I don't expect to hear the same hue and cry that accompanied the Windows 8.1 Update 1 straitjacket restrictions, for three reasons
  1. Very few people have reported problems installing MS14-018/KB 2929437. Looking around the Internet, I don't see many intractable problems with the patch. (If you have a counterexample, please post it in the comments!) By contrast, the Microsoft Answers forum erupted with problems installing Windows 8.1 Update 1/KB 2919355 -- and they haven't all been solved yet.
  2. If you have problems with KB 2929437, Internet Explorer 11 is relatively easy to uninstall on Windows 7 systems. For months, I've been waffling about recommending IE11 for Windows 7 users. Now I have a good reason to recommend that Microsoft customers not switch from IE10.
  3. Don't fight, switch. There are lots of good alternatives to IE.
While the forced Windows 8.1 Update 1 restriction hit lots of Windows customers in the solar plexus, this restriction smacks of hubris. Why isn't Windows Update smart enough to line up the installation of prerequisites? Good question.

Thursday, May 8, 2014

How to shut down Windows 8 the easy way: get Windows 8.1 Update

The first version of Windows 8 was notoriously difficult to shut down if you had a PC or laptop, since it was designed to work best with tablets that have a sleep/wake button. Here we show you how to quickly and easily shut down a Windows 8 PC.

If you update - for free - to Windows 8.1 or the latest Windows 8.1 Update, Microsoft has made it considerably easier to shut down, restart or switch users.

In Windows 8.1, you can right-click on the 'Start button' on the traditional desktop. This brings up a menu, which is also accessible by pressing Windows-X, where you have the old Shut down or sign out menu.

http://cdn3.pcadvisor.co.uk/cmsdata/features/3433515/Windows_8.1_power_user_menu.jpg 

If you prefer using the new Windows interface, you'll benefit from the latest Windows 8.1 Update which adds a power button to the top-right corner of the screen. Click this, and you'll get the similar shut down and restart options.

http://cdn3.pcadvisor.co.uk/cmsdata/features/3433515/Windows_8.1_Update_Start_Screen_power_search.jpg  

There's still the the option to shut down when you open the Charms bar and click Settings, then Power. See also: Windows 8 review.

Shutting down Windows 8: Use your PC's power buttonThere's another way you can shut down a Windows 8 PC or laptop, and it will take you less than 30 seconds to configure:

1 - When on the Start screen, begin typing 'Control panel'. Click it in the list of results which appear. 

http://cdn3.pcadvisor.co.uk/cmsdata/features/3433515/June_quick_tip_1_thumb.jpg 

2 - In Control Panel's search box, type 'power'. Under Power Options, click 'Change what the power buttons do'
http://cdn3.pcadvisor.co.uk/cmsdata/features/3433515/June_quick_tip_2.jpg 
 
3 - By default, 'When I press the power button:' is set to Sleep. Simply change this to Shut Down. If you have a laptop, you can choose separate behaviour depending on whether it's running on battery power or connected to the mains.
 
http://cdn3.pcadvisor.co.uk/cmsdata/features/3433515/June_quick_tip_Win8_shutdown.jpg 
 
Now, instead of using your mouse to shut down your computer, you can quickly press the power button to achieve the same thing.

Of course, if you're happy to leave your PC in sleep mode, you don't need to configure anything at all. Simply get into the habit of pressing your PC's power button instead of using any of the methods above to actually shut down your machine. If you have a laptop, you can merely close the lid to put Windows into sleep mode, but using the steps above you can change what that action does, too.


 


Monday, April 14, 2014

70-680 Sample Question

QUESTION NO: 1

You work as a desktop support technician at ABC.com. The ABC.com network consists of a single Active Directory domain named ABC.com. All servers on the network have Microsoft Windows Server 2008 installed and all workstations have Microsoft Windows 7 installed.The Research and Development department is working on a confidential project. The hard disks of ABC.com’s workstations have BitLocker configured for data encryption. The BitLocker password is stored on a USB drive. All encrypted workstations make use of Trusted Platform Model (TPM) chips on their motherboards.A member of the Research and Development department, named Amy Wilson, has been assigned a workstation named ABC-WS680.Amy Wilson reports that she was not able to start ABC-WS680 due to a problematic TPM chip.You have been instructed to recover the encrypted data from ABC-WS680.
Which of the following actions should you take?


A. You should consider replacing the motherboard on ABC-WS680 with a motherboard that has the same brand of TPM chip.
B. You should consider updating the BIOS on ABC-WS680.
C. You should consider making use of the BitLocker password from to access the BitLocker Drive Encryption Recovery console on ABC-WS680.
D. You should consider running WinRE on ABC-WS680.

Answer: C

Explanation: 

When the BitLocker is used in TPM only mode, it uses TPM hardware to validate the integrity of the workstation and the Operating System. If the TPM is missing or changed, then to recover data, you need to enter the BitLocker Drive Encryption Recovery console on the workstation by using the 40 digit recovery key or password stored on the USB drive to recover the data.

QUESTION NO: 2

You work as a desktop support technician at ABC.com. The ABC.com network consists of a single Active Directory domain named ABC.com. ABC.com currently makes use of a computer named ABC-WS680 which runs Microsoft Windows 7. ABC-WS680 is currently used by multiple ABC.com network users who log on to the computer. You have received instruction to deny a ABC.com user named Mia Hamm access to removable devices on ABC-WS680. However, all other users who log on to ABC-WS680 must retain access to removable devices.What should you do?

A. You should consider configuring NTFS permissions in Disk Management on ABC-WS680.
B. You should consider altering the Disk Encryption settings on ABC-WS680.
C. You should consider running the Dism.exe utility on ABC-WS680.
D. You should consider accessing the local Group Policy on ABC-WS680 to altering a removable storage access policy.

Answer: D

Monday, April 7, 2014

Windows 8 soon to be more like Windows 7

microsoft start menu 

Windows 8 will start behaving a bit ' more like Windows 7, but this does not mean that Microsoft is giving the idea of a tablet operating system to use.

At its developer conference in San Francisco to build on Wednesday, Microsoft announced a trio of new features in Windows 8.1 touch that had an "old school” definitely: First, Windows will get a lot of settings that make it easier to use with a keyboard and mouse. Second, Microsoft announced that Windows 8 style applications "modern" will run in a window on the traditional desktop interface. Thirdly, the Start menu - significantly last of the "old” Windows - is finally back.

However, the settings are under Microsoft ( MSFT , Fortune 500) fleeing his controversial redesign of Windows 8 and a concession that the company has tried to make the transition to traditional PC users to design radically different from Windows 8 too quickly .

And in any case, the decision by Microsoft to serve these users believe it is not a step backwards - is a ploy to reel in.
Related: Microsoft Windows 8.1 makes it more mouse -friendly

Despite the changes, Microsoft is eliminating or reducing the presence of the new Windows 8 design. In fact, these upcoming features actually make the design modern and visible throughout the operating system.
It is a milder form of XP users who push the change ingrained Windows 7, Vista and. And they serve these users may help to revive laggard Microsoft ecosystem of modern applications, which is well below iOS and Android.

One of the most revealing moments, an overview of the most recent ads for Microsoft Windows is that developers can now create a single application that works on all three major platforms from Microsoft - Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox.

This is a big commitment on the part of Microsoft, and everything is built around the new modern style of Windows. This means that Microsoft is committed to his new vision of design for the foreseeable future. In combination with the embrace of their legacy PCs have Microsoft , a strategy begins to take shape in the way that Microsoft compete against Apple (AAPL , Fortune 500) and Google ( GOOAV ) .

Microsoft has the right people in place with their phones and tablets technological pieces - and a lot of users. But all of those users are hitting older versions of Windows and are not taking mobile products at Microsoft.
Allowing developers to create a universal application, and making it accessible and acceptable for users of traditional desktop application could create a perfect storm. Catchment area of Microsoft Windows is helping to flesh out its ecosystem of mobile applications - without having to use mobile products. And with more applications available for smart phones, more and more people will start buying them. Problems solved.

Of course, this result is far from certain, and failure is a very real possibility. But the decision by Microsoft to bridge the gap between the past and the present is neither reactionary nor blindly is meaningless.

Thursday, March 13, 2014

Microsoft Releases Workplace Join for Windows 7 Test Software

Microsoft has published “Workplace bind “for Microsoft Windows 7 portal. Releases Connect are available via Microsoft Connect type of software testing. It is unclear whether a production version will be available. The version of Windows 7 to join seems to work a bit “under the radar. Their availability is briefly announced Tuesday in this blog post Microsoft.

http://res2.windows.microsoft.com/resbox/en/windows/main/10209792-ebfa-4453-a252-538da15ab045_6.jpg

Workplace join provides an alternative for users to have access to a network and access to corporate resources, instead of following the usual practice of establishing trusted domain to participate in a device form. Microsoft announced in June to join the work as a kind of bring your own device Windows Server 2012 R2 provides for use with Windows 8.1 client. Microsoft later descriptions have suggested support for devices other than Windows, too, including those with Android and iOS, but it is unclear if support for these devices is still available.If Microsoft never mentioned supporting Windows 7 using the workstation to join, has not been well publicized.

Workplace joins in particular, is a feature of Windows Server 2012 R2. Using Windows Azure Active Directory Federation Services Active Directory in most rooms is required. "Use the Device Enrollment Service, which is part of the" Federation Services role in Windows Server 2012 R2” is also required , as described in the TechNet Library . Workplace bind function not works for devices that connect to a corporate network through a reverse proxy server , including the characteristics of Microsoft " web application proxy " Windows server 2012 R2 , according to the ' TechNet article .

Microsoft Surface Belikoff Director Cyril explained last year, the concept of working together.

"Combines the workplace are the components to access a directory service that allows a user to use their ID and password to access your documents on the corporate network and securely share " Belikoff said. " There is a fully domained but you get the directors of the management of mobile devices and obtain access component. "

http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2011/11/22/article-2064480-0EE4C8BA00000578-857_468x286.jpg

The edition of Windows 7 that is used in the workplace bind feature makes the difference. “Workplace Login to Windows 7 machines joined to the domain, which means that we support the professional SKU and above all, “Microsoft’s announcement explains. Microsoft understands workplace combine to allow bring your own device scenarios with management enabled by Windows Intune.

"Domain login is what we have had for a long time, the administrator of strict control, group policy, etc. Desktop SSO “said Adam Hall, product manager for solutions to Microsoft hybrid identities in section Posting comments Microsoft.” Workplace income is much lighter, and is about authenticating a device known as Surface RT, iOS or Android. We put a certificate on the device, and the device can fight for this as part of the claims-based authentication for applications or other resources such as data, and no administrator control device, which remains under the control of the end user. When combined with the administration of buy with a solution such as Windows Intune devices, you can implement the policy, execute and enforce “access to resources of machines that would otherwise have no control.”

Microsoft describes the workplace together with Windows 7 machines how to work without " user interface " and linking devices " automatically and quietly " with the view that it is not an Active Directory account for facilities end user.

Microsoft describes some early benefits associated management work to join, even if the system requirements for obtaining those benefits do not seem well defined or may require you to have a subscription to Windows Intune . For example , the function can be improved with multi-factor authentication capabilities and single sign . IT professionals can also get the ability to control .

Monday, February 24, 2014

Seven ways to set up multi-booting with Windows 8 and Linux

This is good advice, and I'm happy to follow. If all we do is sit and complain dual boot Linux on UEFI systems is actually deter some people from trying, and the truth is that there are options that work without a huge amount of effort. First though, I'll repeat something I've said many times before. UEFI firmware each application is different - and not just a little "different, either.

Some work very well with Linux installations, dual boot without problems from the beginning. Others are difficult, unpredictable and downright maddening in its inconsistency, and they seem to go out of their way to avoid boot Linux. So if you want to dual boot Linux and Windows, try to find one written by someone with the same system being used, or at least the same manufacturer.Ok system, then why description what the possibilities are?

1. Install the Linux GRUB bootloader

Well, the first and certainly the easiest if it works correctly, install the Linux bootloader GRUB as the default boot order, and have it monitor the dual boot with Windows.

This, of course , you need to have a Linux distribution compatible with UEFI - I've tried and I can testify are openSUSE , Fedora, Linux Mint and Ubuntu, but there are others with more to come in the near future .

If you have a safe boot Linux distribution support UEFI, do not even have to change the configuration of the UEFI settings, although many people choose to disable secure boot anyway.

When you install a Linux distribution compatible with UEFI, if everything works as it should and the UEFI firmware settings do not work correctly and incorrectly " Reset" (I've seen it happen too often), then reboot after the ' full install to get the menu GRUB boot, and you will be able to choose between Linux (default) or Windows 8 to boot from it.

At this point you are almost home free - but note that I have personally seen (and personally own) systems sometime after a sudden restore the Windows boot for no reason in particular. If this happens, you should use one of the other methods described below, as my experience has been that this does not happen just once.

2. Use the BIOS Boot Select Key

The second possibility is to choose a Linux distribution support UEFI, the installation goes well, but when you restart Windows instead of Linux. This can be very daunting, but really is not that difficult to work with.

The important thing to remember is that the installation of Linux have been added to the startup list: just to get to that list to start.
The easiest way is to use the BIOS boot selection, which is activated by pressing a special key in the ignition process or reboot. That “special key” varies between systems, I have seen Escape, F9 and F12 used in some of my systems, and I'm sure there are others.

When the boot process of Windows you press stop and you will get a list of available operating systems - Windows 8 and probably Linux. I personally do not care for this option because I do not like having to "race " with the boot process to make sure I press the start button Select in time, and if I get distracted or too slow then I have to get to the bottom boot Windows and then just restart immediately to return to the boot menu selection.

But many people do not seem to care, and it is certainly an option that requires a minimum of fiddling and fighting with rebels BIOS settings. One way that this can be done a bit easier than it is to enter the BIOS setup and select a delay start-ups , many systems allow you to set anywhere from 5-30 seconds delay before starting Windows in reality , thus giving more time to press the magic button .

3. Enable 'Legacy Boot'

The third "simple" possibility is to enable 'Legacy Boot' in the BIOS configuration, and just ignore the whole UEFI issue.

This is not an option that I personally prefer, in part because I am stubborn and in part because as Adam Williamson explained to me some time ago there are some functional advantages to UEFI boot. But it certainly is a viable option, and strictly in terms of getting Linux installed and booting it might actually be the absolute simplest solution.

The only problem that I have seen with this option is that some systems make it difficult to enable Legacy Boot, either the option is well hidden in the BIOS configuration, or you actually have to set a BIOS password before they will let you change it. I have heard that there might be some systems which don't have Legacy Boot support at all, but I have never seen one like that.

Anyway, if you choose this route not only does it make things much simpler for installing and configuring dual-boot, it allows you to install pretty much any Linux distribution you want, without regard to UEFI compatbility.

I have personally used this option to install non-UEFI Linux distributions, such as SolydXK, PCLinuxOS and Linux Mint Debian Edition in a multi-boot configuration with some other UEFI-compatible distribution. I can then go back and disable Legacy Boot, and just use the UEFI-compatible GRUB to boot the non-compatible Linux.

4. Try using the Windows bootloader

The fourth option would be to use the Windows boot loader on dual-boot with Linux. I say it should be, because people continue posting comments that say " just use EasyBCD to configure " or even " use credit " , but try as I might I cannot get it to work .

I wrote about this about a year ago when I had my first UEFI system, and I assumed at the time that the problem was just that EasyBCD has not been fully adapted to support UEFI boot, but now I tried it again with the latest version of EasyBCD recently I could get from the website NeoSmart and still cannot get it to boot Linux at all.

Now it may be too dense to figure it out, but if someone is going to come and leave a comment that says “works well " , so please be prepared to be very specific , and give the exact details of what you did to get work. Because I've tried everything I can think of , and no matter what I do the only thing I get when I try to start any Linux installation is a message that says "Windows cannot start. "

I also searched the web for more information, and the only real examples I can find are the ones that have failed in the same way that I have. I find a lot of places that say " EasyBCD works," and " use EasyBCD to multi-boot Windows 8, 7, Vista, XP , MacOS and Linux," but no one actually says " we did this with Windows 8 and UEFI Linux , it worked , and this is what you must do. "

What I did was this. I downloaded and installed EasyBCD 2.2 on two Windows 8 (recently acquired HP Compaq and Acer Aspire One 725 mi) different UEFI systems. When then ran EasyBCD (as an administrator, of course), I was surprised that they came up with a list of startup configuration of the operating system. I know that the Windows boot loader had not been watching or offer to launch Windows 8 than anything else. It took me a minute to realize what was listed was all that was on the list of BIOS boot.

This was exactly what was offered if I used the option to boot selection, as described above, but if I let Windows start normally there was no sign of these others. Even if I put a 30 second delay the Windows Start using bcdedit or EasyBCD, stopped, and the list just for Windows 8. So why EasyBCD listing all the others? I did not understand, but I was hoping it might be a good sign that EasyBCD was, at least, find other options, and all you had to do was add to the regular menu of the Windows bootloader.

I tried to do it in the first place with only control one of the Linux distributions as the default boot order. EasyBCD let me do it with no complaints, but when I rebooted just returned with Windows. Bah.
Then I tried to use the option "Add" in EasyBCD, and gave all the details of the Linux partitions. This time, at least, when I rebooted the Linux option showing in the startup list, but when I tried to boot I got the message "Windows Boot Error". I yelled at the computer criticized was not even trying to start Windows, so how could it fail, but that did not help either.


Then I realized what was actually changing EasyBCD was an attempt to start something called / NST / neogrub.efi ( or something like that regard, I have the exact name in my head right now , and are powered EasyBCD and Windows , so do not I want to look back again).

So I tried to put several files that start with the name - before I tried to picture the grubx64.efi Linux distributions, then I tried to copy the boot block (first 512 bytes) of disk and / or Linux file system, as it used to be done in order to dual boot Windows XP and Linux, and then I became desperate and just put a Linux kernel with that name. Of course, none of this has worked.

Finally I decided, based on my personal experience and the lack of success stories and real configuration information on the web, which is of no use EasyBCD to create a dual boot Windows / Linux with UEFI boot enabled. It may be possible to use if you enable Legacy Boot, and then set up exactly as they did in Windows XP, but if you're going to do it, then just use the method above three and save a lot of trouble.
After fighing with EasyBCD long time, and eventually give up, I decided to make a career in the utility bcdedit, which is the standard Windows method for this type of configuration. I'm pretty familiar with this program, because I used to dual boot with Windows XP, so I was not exactly in the dark unreasonable.

But again, no matter what I tried unbootable. I was able to get the item added to the menu of the Linux boot loader in Windows, and could set all kinds of different things like boot order, but none of them worked. Finally, just to prove to myself that I was not just doing something fundamentally wrong (or stupid), just set the boot order of my Linux tries to be Windows 8, and pulled away.

So my conclusion from this is that one of the main reasons why EasyBCD is of no use in creating a dual boot of Linux is that it is virtually impossible to use the boot loader to boot Windows 8 Boot Linux UEFI enabled. Even in this case, it may be possible with Legacy Boot enabled, but I do not care enough at this time to find out.

If you know that I'm wrong about this , and he has personally set up a system of Windows 8 to boot Linux using the Windows boot loader , then please tell me this in the comments, and please, please be specific and tell me how you In fact, because I'd like to know.

5. Install a different Boot Manager

The fifth option is multi-boot UEFI install a different boot loader, how to find by Roderick W. Smith. This has the advantage of being able to start almost everything - Windows, Linux, MacOS - is very powerful and very flexible and automatically find what could be the disk and present with a list of boot selection.

Unfortunately, the only thing that does not solve the problem "of uncooperative setup / BIOS unpredictable" above. If Windows or the boot process, or something else is screwing around with the BIOS settings and avoid permanently fix GRUB as the default bootloader, then it is almost certainly going to keep adjusting to get too.

6. Try a workaround

The sixth option is not exactly a solution to the problem of lack of cooperation Setup / BIOS unpredictable, it is rather a bad solution for it.

It turns out that , in addition to the normal list " boot sequence " configuration in UEFI boot , there is an option "next boot" , which Specifics a home environment for once.

This is usually equal to zero, so that the system continues the boot sequence, but if the system is set first attempt to begin this article, and it will be obvious that the creation so that the next time you start dating the ' use of the default startup sequence.

The following settings can be adjusted by using the Linux boot efibootmgr - No XXXX, where XXXX is the number of element in the list of departure to discover the number of your Linux installation (s), just use efibootmgr without options (or efibootmgr - v if you want to see all the gory details): the number is something like 0001 or 0002 in most cases.

This option "next boot" could become a semi- permanent work around efibootmgr add scripts to boot Linux command , so every time you start Linux would reset the value so that it would boot Linux again next hour. I did not say it was okay, or elegant, or even pretty, but it works because I've tried.

7. Trick the default boot process

Finally, the seventh option is to "trick" the process of putting the default boot image shim.efi Linux (or if grubx64.efi secure boot is off) in the place where it is usually the Windows Boot Manager.

In systems I've tried, this is the EFI boot partition (typically, / dev/sda2 in Linux, mounted as / boot / fee), under the name / EFI / Microsoft / Boot / Bootmgfw.efi. I have had some success in doing this , but know that some systems (in particular , HP Compaq ) are so aggressive in monitoring and restoring default UEFI boot sometimes really realize that the program is not original Bootmgfw.efi " " insttalled , and actually go and get a copy of the original and put it back in place, thus nullifying his cunning deception . You can probably imagine how irritating and frustrating it is when this happens...

So, there you have it. Seven options to configure multi-boot with Windows 8 and Linux.I guess there are others that I have not thought of, or that I 'm not remembering at the moment, but these are what I think are the most obvious.

I tried this at one time or another. The most beautiful and simple, of course, is the first, just install and start eating, if it works on your particular system. I know some people swear that the second option, press the start button, and I think I'm being lazy and stubborn, do not use that.

Beyond these two, which probably requires more dedication, learning and trial and error to get another job (some still have not gotten it to work). But in the long run, if determined to dual boot Linux and Windows, you should be able to.